BERNAL, JOHN DESMOND


BERNAL, JOHN DESMOND
BERNAL, JOHN DESMOND (1901–1971), physicist. Bernal was born in Nenagh, County Tipperary, now in the Irish Republic, and graduated in science from Cambridge University (1923). After research at the Royal Institution, London (1923–27), he returned to Cambridge as a lecturer in structural crystallography before his appointment as professor of physics at Birkbeck College, London (1937). His main research achievements concerned the crystallographic study of proteins, an essential step in the emergence of molecular biology. His pupils included rosalind franklin , aaron klug , and max perutz . Known as the "Great Sage of Cambridge," he was a polymath to the detriment of his personal achievements. His interests included the origins of life on Earth and the creation of the Mulberry harbors indispensable for the 1944 D-Day landings. He was deeply interested in the social concerns of science and he lectured and wrote prolifically in this field and on popular science and the history of science. His honors included election to the Royal Society of London, the Lenin Prize of the U.S.S.R., and the U.S. Medal of Freedom. The precocious child of Sephardi Jews on his father's side and an American mother, he became a Marxist and, with the rise of fascism in the 1930s, briefly a member of the Communist Party. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bernal , John Desmond — (1901–1971) British crystallographer Bernal s family were farmers in Nenagh, now in the Republic of Ireland; his mother was an American journalist. He was educated at Cambridge University, where his first work on crystallography was done as an… …   Scientists

  • Bernal, John Desmond — ▪ British physicist born May 10, 1901, Nenagh, County Tipperary, Ire. died Sept. 15, 1971, London, Eng.       physicist known for his studies of the atomic structure of solid compounds, during which he made major contributions to X ray… …   Universalium

  • John Desmond Bernal — (1901 1971) fue un científico irlandés, nacido en Nenagh, en el Condado de Tipperary, destacado por su labor pionera en el ámbito de la cristalografía de rayos X. Contenido 1 Labor académica 2 Actividades políticas 3 …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Desmond Bernal — Infobox Scientist name = John Desmond Bernal box width = image width =150px caption = John Desmond Bernal birth date = 10 May 1901 birth place = Nenagh, County Tipperary death date = 15 September 1971 death place = London, buried Battersea… …   Wikipedia

  • John Desmond Bernal — (* 10. Mai 1901 in Nenagh, Irland; † 15. September 1971 in London), war ein britischer Physiker, der insbesondere auf dem Gebiet der Kristallographie arbeitete. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Desmond Bernal — John Desmond Bernal, né le 10 mai 1901 à Nenagh (Irlande) et décédé le 15 septembre 1971, est un scientifique britannique. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Le scientifique 1.2 Le militant politique 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernal — John Desmond …   Scientists

  • John Bernal — John Desmond Bernal. John Desmond Bernal (* 10. Mai 1901 in Nenagh, Irland; † 15. September 1971 in London), war ein britischer Physiker, der insbesondere auf dem Gebiet der Kristallographie arbeitete …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John D. Bernal — John Desmond Bernal. John Desmond Bernal (* 10. Mai 1901 in Nenagh, Irland; † 15. September 1971 in London), war ein britischer Physiker, der insbesondere auf dem Gebiet der Kristallographie arbeitete …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John D. Bernal — John Desmond Bernal John Desmond Bernal John Desmond Bernal, né le 10 mai 1901 à Nenagh (Irlande) et décédé le 15 septembre 1971, est un scientifique britannique. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.